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What is Mobile Automation Testing? Tools and Frameworks

What is Mobile Automation Testing - Tools and Frameworks

In recent times, mobile automation testing has been highly sought after by businesses seeking to ensure the quality and functionality of applications. What is causing this trend within the industry?

According to Statista’s Market Insights, mobile ecommerce sales reached $2.2 trillion in 2023 and now make up 60 percent of all ecommerce sales around the world. With such numbers, there are also high expectations and zero tolerance for bugs or issues across mobile devices and apps. Delivering optimal user experiences across mobile devices and mobile apps has become more critical than ever before.

In this blog post, we’ll explore what mobile automation testing is, its significance, the tools and frameworks that make it possible.

Contents

Global Mobile Ecommerce 2023 - Statista

What is Mobile Automation Testing?

Mobile automation testing involves automated tools and/or frameworks to evaluate functionality, performance, and usability of applications across different mobile devices. The main objective is to guarantee mobile app quality and reliability by identifying defects and regressions. 

The mobile automation testing process automates interactions with a mobile app, mimicking user actions such as tapping buttons, inputting text, and swiping. This is usually done by creating test scripts or by using codeless testing tools. Unlike manual testing, mobile automation allows for faster test execution and broader test coverage.

What Are The Benefits of Mobile Automation Testing?

Mobile automation testing brings about several advantages to businesses. Here are the most important ones:

Quicker Feedback

Automation accelerates the testing process, providing rapid feedback on a mobile application’s performance and functionality. Swift identification of bugs allows development teams to address them promptly and prevent them from escalating into more complex issues during the later stages of development.

Consistent Test Execution (Reduces Human Errors)

By automating repetitive and critical test scenarios, the risk of human error is significantly reduced. This consistent testing approach produces reliable and repeatable results, minimizing the chances of critical defects slipping through.

Extended Test Coverage

Mobile automation testing can cover a wide array of test scenarios, including different configurations across devices, browsers, OS versions, and usage conditions. This extended test coverage ensures a comprehensive evaluation of a mobile application’s performance.

Faster Time to Release

The efficiency gained through automation expedites the testing phase, contributing to a faster time to release. Accelerating the testing process without compromising quality is instrumental in meeting tight development timelines and staying competitive in the market.

Enhanced Regression Testing

Mobile automation testing is especially useful when it comes to executing regression tests, ensuring that new developments do not inadvertently introduce issues into existing functionalities.

Optimized Resource Utilization

Automated tests can run parallel on various devices and configurations, optimizing resource utilization. This parallel execution not only speeds up the testing process but also allows for efficient use of testing resources.

Better Test Reusability

Automated tests can be reused across different test iterations and projects. This not only saves time in test development but also ensures consistent testing methodologies across various projects.

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How To Start Mobile Automation Testing

Mobile automation testing may seem daunting given its known complexity, but the benefits (as we described above) make it a worthwhile endeavor. So, where and how do you begin?

When embarking on the automation journey, it’s advisable to start small and adopt a strategic approach. Begin by identifying the critical test cases that will yield the most significant impact.

What Test Cases Should You Automate?

Start by focusing on three key types of tests: unit tests, integration tests, and functional tests. These tests play a pivotal role in gaining quick feedback, ensuring seamless integrations, and validating the overall functionality of your mobile app.

Unit Testing: These tests are fast, reusable, and easy to debug. They focus on individual units of code, ensuring each component functions as intended in isolation.

Integration Testing: Ensure the proper functioning of interfaces and modules by automating integration tests. This helps identify any issues that may arise when different components interact.

Functional Testing: Automate functional tests to validate your app’s UI functionality across various devices, operating systems, and environmental variations. This is a very important area of testing as it directly assesses how the user experiences your app.

As you prioritize and decide which test cases are necessary for automation, you should ask yourself these questions:

  • Will automating this test case save me time?
  • Will automating this test case increase the quality or performance of my app?

If you answered no to any of the questions above, you should skip or deprioritize the test case as automating it will likely to either be complicated, not give you the best Return on Investment (ROI), or not contribute to the quality of the mobile app.

Which Tool and Framework is Best for Mobile Automation Testing?

Once you’ve identified the tests to automate, the next crucial step is selecting an appropriate automation tool and/or framework. In the realm of mobile app testing, there’s a plethora of options available. The key is to ensure that your decision aligns with your objectives. It should also integrate seamlessly with your existing processes, as well as complement your team’s skill set. 

Here are a few noteworthy options to consider:

Valido App

Type: Codeless tool for UI test automation

Highlights: Valido App is an intelligent test automation tool that is codeless, user-friendly, and designed specifically for ecommerce applications. It performs cloud-based testing across a wide variety of mobile devices, browser configurations, and geographical locations. With a focus on UI & UX test automation, it provides an intuitive solution for ecommerce businesses, making it an excellent choice for those looking to automate rapidly without diving into complex coding processes.

Appium

Type: Open source framework

Highlights: Appium stands out as a leading framework for mobile app testing. With an active community, it proves beneficial, especially for beginners venturing into automation.

Espresso

Type: Open source framework (Android-specific)

Highlights: Created by Google, Espresso is tailored for Android UI testing. Its focus on the Android platform makes it an ideal choice for those with a specific emphasis on Android applications.

XCUITest

Type: Open source testing framework (iOS-specific)

Highlights: Developed and maintained by Apple, XCUITest is optimized for iOS UI test automation. It’s known for its developer-friendly approach, making it suitable for both unit and functional testing on iOS apps.

When making your selection, consider factors such as community support, platform specificity (Android, iOS, or both), and the ease of integration. Also, consider whether to execute tests in the cloud or on-premises. Cloud-based solutions offer flexibility, scalability, and accessibility advantages, making them preferable for many mobile automation testing scenarios.

Each of the options above has its strengths, so choose the one that best suits your testing needs.

Wrapping Things Up

Whether you’re just starting your mobile automation journey or scaling your existing test setup, Valido is here to help. Valido App’s cloud-based testing platform supports end-to-end, visual, functional, API and web performance testing, enabling you to efficiently automate tests at scale. Valido also offers an SDK option for those seeking greater flexibility and seamless integration into existing automation workflows.

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