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How To Test An Ecommerce Website in 2024

How To Test An Ecommerce Website in 2024

In this guide, we look at processes, tips, and tools to effectively test an ecommerce website. We will also explore key factors that contribute to a seamless and trustworthy online shopping experience.

Testing an online store in 2024 goes beyond traditional quality assurance. With retail and AI technologies advancing at an unprecedented pace, ecommerce testing now requires a dynamic approach to ensure your ecommerce platform not only meets but exceeds user expectations.


The Importance of Testing in Ecommerce

“Quality is the best business plan” – John Lasseter

The above adage has never resonated more profoundly. As John Lasseter suggests, the quality of your ecommerce website is not just a factor in your business strategy; it is the strategy. But why does testing hold such importance in the success of ecommerce businesses?

Imagine the scenario where an online customer adds items to their cart, then proceeds to checkout. He or she subsequently encounters a checkout error where one of the cart items disappears, or any other error that prevents the completion of the payment process. The frustration experienced in this situation is not just a personal inconvenience faced by the customer. It is also a sales loss for the business. 

This scenario is only one of many examples that emphasizes the critical importance of testing an ecommerce website. Through the right testing tools and methodology, you prevent such pitfalls for your online business. This, in turn, leads to greater customer satisfaction and loyalty for your brand.

Types of Tests For Ecommerce Websites

Before discussing the methodology and best practices to test an ecommerce website, let’s take a look at the types of tests needed for an ecommerce website. Understanding this will help you develop a comprehensive testing strategy that addresses different areas of your ecommerce functionality and user experience.

Functional Testing

What it covers: Functional testing verifies that every function of the ecommerce website works as intended.

Why it matters: Functional testing validates core functionalities like product search, add-to-cart, checkout process, and payment gateways. Any glitches in these areas can lead to a loss of customers and revenue.

Performance Testing

What it covers: Performance testing evaluates the website’s responsiveness, speed, scalability, and overall performance under different load / traffic conditions. It checks back-end parameters such as application output, bandwidth, memory usage, data processing speed, server response times, etc.

Why it matters: Performance testing identifies bottlenecks that can not only affect the stability of an ecommerce application, but also the quality of the user experience.

Web / Page Speed Performance Testing 

What it covers: This form of testing evaluates the page loading speed and other important web performance metrics such as Core Web Vitals. Unlike Performance testing, web performance testing is more user experience focused, measuring page speed, interactivity and responsiveness.

Why it matters: Users expect websites to load swiftly. Slow-loading pages can lead to high bounce rates and decreased customer satisfaction.

Usability Testing

What it covers: Usability testing assesses the overall user experience, ease of navigation, and user interface. It is manual and exploratory in nature, giving direct input on how real users use the system. Usability testing is often done at the initial stages of developing a new feature or application. 

Why it matters: Usability testing lets the ecommerce design and development teams identify problems before features are released. It has the potential to uncover design flaws that may impact the shopping journey but are not so easily detected by automated testing tools. Detecting usability issues earlier and fixing them prevents potential project bottlenecks from occurring, leading to timely delivery and optimal utilization of resources.

Compatibility Testing

What it covers: Compatibility testing verifies an ecommerce website’s compatibility across different devices, browsers, and operating systems.

Why it matters: Online customers access websites from all kinds of devices. Compatibility testing ensures a consistent and visually consistent experience across various platforms.

Security Testing

What it covers: Security testing identifies vulnerabilities and ensures secure transactions, protecting user data.

Why it matters: Ecommerce websites deal with sensitive customer information. Security testing safeguards against data breaches and builds trust with customers.

Regression Testing

What it covers: Regression testing is a QA practice that checks if recent updates or changes to an ecommerce website have affected existing functionalities.

Why it matters: Regression testing ensures that new features or bug fixes do not inadvertently disrupt existing processes and functionalities.

Accessibility Testing

What it covers: This testing evaluates the accessibility of the website for users with disabilities, ensuring a seamless experience for everyone.

Why it matters: Inclusive design is paramount for success in ecommerce. Accessibility testing ensures that your website is user-friendly for individuals with disabilities, including those using screen readers or other assistive technologies. By making your ecommerce platform accessible to a broader audience, you enhance your brand’s reputation and adhere to ethical and legal standards.

Guide To Test An Ecommerce Website

Now, let’s explore the details on how you can test an ecommerce website, looking at fundamental aspects to consider, tips and best practices:

Home Page

  • Test the display of correct text and images, including dynamic elements.
  • Verify the visibility and functionality of crucial links (catalogue, account login, cart button).

Search and Navigation

  • Ensure users can search for terms and reach the desired pages efficiently.
  • Validate easy navigation to essential sections with minimal clicks.
  • Ensure that users can perform searches based on product name, brand name, and categories (e.g., “Camera,” “Canon EOS 700D,” “electronics”).
  • Validate the relevance of search results.

To discover ways to enhance your ecommerce search experience, read this article.

Product Listing Pages (PLP and Product Description Pages (PDP)

  • Confirm clear listings of all products and services with detailed descriptions.
  • “Add to Cart” options should be well-displayed and responsive
  • Verify filters and sorting options to ensure that they work as intended.

Payment Processing

  • Conduct thorough security testing for customer data privacy and accuracy.
  • Test required validations for personal information, card details, OTP, etc.
  • Verify accurate currency conversion for foreign transactions.
  • Assess the availability and flexibility of payment options, such as instalments, Buy Now Pay Later (BNPL), etc.
  • Confirm the generation of order confirmation and receipt.

Order Processing

  • Validate that purchased products match user selections accurately.
  • Test the selection of preferred shipping methods and accurate address mapping.
  • Ensure accessibility of return and exchange policies (where applicable).

Best Practices In Ecommerce Testing

It is important to consider the overall test strategy and how you intend to execute your testing on a consistent basis. Here are some best practices that can help you set off in the right direction:

  1. Understand Business Requirements: First, identify specific goals and requirements – for example, is your goal to increase overall store conversions, address performance issues, or to tackle certain customer feedback? The resulting approach may differ. It is best to tailor your test strategy according to the overall business objectives.
  2. Test Environments: In certain testing scenarios such as performance testing, it is necessary to create isolated test environments, mimicking a mock store. This is so that you can safely conduct testing without impacting your live ecommerce website.
  3. User Scenarios: Consider different user types, such as new customers, returning customers, and first-time online shoppers, to ensure comprehensive testing across the board.
  4. Test Data: Populate the test environment with realistic data, including sample products and customer profiles, to simulate real-world scenarios.

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What Are The Challenges Of Ecommerce Testing?

Now that we covered the foundation of how to test an ecommerce website, it is also important to consider the challenges that come with it. Addressing these challenges is crucial to ensuring the effectiveness of the testing process. Let’s explore some common hurdles faced in ecommerce testing.

Dynamic Content

Ecommerce websites often feature dynamic content, personalized user experiences, and interactive elements. This creates the challenge of having to quickly and regularly adapt one’s testing to these changes. Testing dynamic components requires a specialized approach to ensure accurate functionality across various scenarios.

Test Coverage 

With users accessing ecommerce sites from a multitude of devices and browsers, ensuring compatibility across the various combinations can be challenging, even for automated testing tools. Testing must also account for variations in screen sizes, resolutions, and browser behaviours to provide a consistent experience for all users.

Verifying The Real User Experience 

Beyond functional aspects, testing must evaluate the visual aspect of a website’s navigation, layout, and overall design in order to ensure an intuitive and engaging experience for users.

Integration Testing

Ecommerce sites often integrate with external services, payment gateways, and third-party tools. Testing the end-to-end experience and seamless integration of these components can be especially difficult. However it is necessary in order to ensure a cohesive online shopping experience.

Automation Needs

Testers need to employ a combination of manual and automated testing methods, considering the unique characteristics of ecommerce websites. This needs to be carefully assessed, based on an organization’s budget and resources.

Valido App For Ecommerce Testing

As you navigate the complex landscape of ecommerce testing, choosing the right testing tool is paramount. Here are the reasons why Valido App is suited for this purpose:

Comprehensive Testing:

Valido App offers a comprehensive suite of testing solutions, covering everything from functional testing to web performance, user experience and accessibility testing. With a single tool, you can address all your testing needs, streamlining your testing processes.

Codeless Test Automation:

Ecommerce and testing professionals may not always possess extensive programming knowledge. Valido Testing’s codeless test automation allows users to create dynamic tests without the need for code, making it accessible and easy to use.

Tailored for Ecommerce Challenges:

Ecommerce platforms come with their unique set of challenges. Valido App is designed to address these challenges, providing tailored solutions for testing online stores.

Real-World Field Data:

Web performance is a critical aspect of ecommerce success. Valido Web Score feature provides real-world field data, allowing you to benchmark your website against competitors and to utilize AI to gain actionable insights for improvement.

Wrapping Things Up

The ecommerce industry is continually growing and evolving. Hence it is vital to embrace proactive strategies such as testing, as well as leverage cutting-edge tools in order to stay ahead of the curve. Quality assurance is not just a best practice; it’s a strategic imperative that can differentiate your ecommerce business.

As you embark on your ecommerce testing journey in 2024, remember that every test conducted is a step towards delivering exceptional user experiences, building customer loyalty, and ultimately achieving sustainable business success. Happy testing!

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